Medicare- What You Need to Know

When it comes to retiree health insurance, it can be overwhelming to understand when to enroll, options under each plan, costs and what plan best fits your needs. This overview highlights options to consider as you approach retirement.

Topics:

Do I need to enroll in Medicare when I turn age 65? 

When is Open Enrollment for Medicare?

What happens when I retire from my employer after age 65?

What is the difference between Traditional Medicare and Medicare Advantage?

What does Medicare Part A cover and how much does it cost?

What does Medicare Part B cover and how much does it cost?

What does Medicare Part D cover and how much does it cost?

What does Medicare not cover?

What is Medigap Insurance and when should you buy it?

Considerations When Comparing Traditional Medicare vs Medicare Advantage?

What are health insurance options for Retirees under Age 65?

What should I consider when changing plans?

Available Resources


 

 

Do I need to enroll in Medicare when I turn age 65? 

When you turn 65, Medicare will become the primary payer, unless you are continuing to work, and your employer has 20 or more employees. In this case you do not need to enroll in Medicare and your employer-sponsored health coverage remains the primary payer.

 

When is Open Enrollment for Medicare?

Medicare open enrollment occurs annually, October 15th through December 7th. This is when Medicare users can choose to re-evaluate part of their Medicare Coverage (their Medicare Advantage/Part C and/or Part D Plan) and compare to other plans on the market. After re-evaluating, if there is a plan that better fits ones’ circumstances, there is an option to switch, drop or add a Medicare Advantage and/or Part D plan.

For those interested in Medicare Advantage Plans, open enrollment is January 1st through March 31st. The initial enrollment period for an individual approaching age 65 is seven months long. This includes the three months prior to your 65th birthday, the month of your birthday, and the three months following your 65th birthday.


What happens when I retire from my employer after age 65?

If you did not enroll in Medicare because you continued working for an employer with 20 or more employees, but now are retiring, you will have a special enrollment period. The special enrollment period is an eight-month period beginning after employment ends or your employer-sponsored health insurance coverage ends (whichever occurs first).

 

What is the difference between Traditional Medicare and Medicare Advantage?

medicare2

 

What does Medicare Part A cover and how much does it cost?

Medicare Part A, known as Hospital Insurance, covers the following:

  • Inpatient hospital care
  • Skilled nursing facility care (if certain conditions are met and coverage is for a limited time)
  • Some home health care
  • Hospice care
  • Inpatient psychiatric care

Medicare Part A is considered “premium free” if you or your spouse paid Medicare taxes for a certain amount of time while working.

 

What does Medicare Part B cover and how much does it cost?

Medicare Part B, known as Medical Insurance, covers the following:

  • Doctor’s services
  • Outpatient services
  • Some home health care
  • Durable medical equipment and supplies
  • Certain preventive care
  • Ambulance services
  • Outpatient medical and surgical procedures

Medicare Part B premiums are automatically deducted from your benefits plan including:

  • Social Security
  • Railroad Retirement Board
  • Office Personnel Management

Medicare uses the Modified Adjusted Gross Income reported on your IRS tax return from two years ago. If your MAGI from two years ago was above a certain amount, you will also pay an Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount (IRMAA), which is an extra charge to your added premium.

Medicare Part B Premium

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Source: Medicare.gov

Medicare Part B also has annual deductible of $198 that must be met. After meeting the deductible, you typically pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for these:

  • Most doctor services (including while you are at the hospital inpatient)
  • Outpatient therapy
  • Durable medical equipment

 

What does Medicare Part D cover and how much does it cost?

Medicare Part D, known as Prescription Drug Coverage, varies by plan. Each plan must give at least a standard level of coverage set by Medicare. Plans can vary the list of prescription drugs they cover (called a formulary) and how they place the drugs into different “tiers” on their formularies.

Medicare Part D premiums are automatically deducted from your benefits plan including:

  • Social Security
  • Railroad Retirement Board
  • Office Personnel Management

Medicare uses the Modified Adjusted Gross Income reported on your IRS tax return from 2 years ago. If your MAGI from 2 years ago was above a certain amount, you will also pay an Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount (IRMAA), which is an extra charge to your added premium.

Medicare Part D Premium

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Source: Medicare.gov

 

What does Medicare not cover?

Medicare does not cover:

  • Most dental care
  • Eye examinations related to glasses
  • Dentures
  • Cosmetic surgery
  • Acupuncture
  • Hearing aids and exams for fitting them
  • Long-term care

 

What is Medigap Insurance and when should you buy it?

Medigap insurance is a Medicare Supplement that covers gaps in Traditional Medicare coverage. Medigap does not cover services not covered by Medicare. You must be enrolled in Traditional Medicare to get Medigap Insurance.


Medigap enrollment is six months from the first day of the month of turning 65, assuming one plans to enroll in Medicare. No medical underwriting is required. Exception: for other periods that allow for “guaranteed issue rights” medical underwriting may be required.

 

Considerations When Comparing Traditional Medicare vs Medicare Advantage? 


medicare4

 

What are health insurance options for Retirees under Age 65?

  • Spousal Coverage
  • Employer provided retiree coverage
  • COBRA
  • Affordable Care Act Marketplace

 

What should I consider when changing plans?

When you are thinking of changing your plan, consider the following:

  • Review suitability of Medicare Part D plans each year
  • Review suitability of Medicare Advantage plans each year
  • Challenges in buying a Medigap policy outside of open enrollment period
  • Before disenrolling from a Medicare Advantage plan, find and enroll in a Part D plan and a Medicare Supplement (Medigap)

When comparing available options, consider the following:

  • What are the premiums?
  • What are the deductibles and coinsurance payments?
  • Is there a maximum limit on out-of-pocket costs?
  • Are current doctors and hospitals used covered under this plan?
  • How often do premiums change?
  • Are prescription drugs covered?
  • Does the plan offer dental, vision, and/or hearing coverage?

 

Available Resources

You can find more information on Medicare.Gov. Medicare provides online tools for choosing plans and a daily phone line for support. In addition, please feel free to call us with any questions. If we cannot answer your questions, we can identify a Medicare expert to help navigate this complex landscape. Woodmont Investment Counsel is a fee-only registered investment advisor. We do not sell insurance and are not compensated for referrals to insurance agents.

 

The opinions expressed are those of Woodmont Investment Counsel. The opinions referenced are as of the date of publication and are subject to change due to changes in the market or economic conditions and may not necessarily come to pass. Forward looking statements cannot be guaranteed. 

Woodmont Investment Counsel is an investment adviser registered with the U.S Securities and Exchange Commission. Registration does not imply a certain level of skill or training. More information about Woodmont’s investment advisory services can be found in its Form ADV Part 2, which is available upon request.

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